Wissenschaft ermöglicht durch Exemplardaten

Xue, T., Gadagkar, S. R., Albright, T. P., Yang, X., Li, J., Xia, C., … Yu, S. (2021). Prioritizing conservation of biodiversity in an alpine region: Distribution pattern and conservation status of seed plants in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Global Ecology and Conservation, 32, e01885. doi:10.1016/j.gecco.2021.e01885 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2021.e01885

The Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP) harbors abundant and diverse plant life owing to its high habitat heterogeneity. However, the distribution pattern of biodiversity hotspots and their conservation status remain unclear. Based on 148,283 high-resolution occurrence coordinates of 13,450 seed plants, w…

López‐Delgado, J., & Meirmans, P. G. (2021). History or demography? Determining the drivers of genetic variation in North American plants. Molecular Ecology. doi:10.1111/mec.16230 https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.16230

Understanding the impact of historical and demographic processes on genetic variation is essential for devising conservation strategies and predicting responses to climate change. Recolonization after Pleistocene glaciations is expected to leave distinct genetic signatures, characterised by lower ge…

Sanz‐Arnal, M., Benítez‐Benítez, C., Jiménez‐Mejías, P., Miguez, M., & Martín‐Bravo, S. (2021). Are Cenozoic relict species also climatic relicts? Insights from the macroecological evolution of the giant sedges of Carex sect. Rhynchocystis. American Journal of Botany. doi:10.1002/ajb2.1788 https://doi.org/10.1002/ajb2.1788

PREMISE: Most of the Paleotropical flora widely distributed in the Western Palearctic became extinct during the Mio-Pliocene as a result of global geoclimatic changes. A few elements from this Cenozoic flora are believed to remain as relicts in Macaronesia, forming part of the Macaronesian Laurel Fo…

Schneider, K., Makowski, D., & van der Werf, W. (2021). Predicting hotspots for invasive species introduction in Europe. Environmental Research Letters. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ac2f19 https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ac2f19

Plant pest invasions cost billions of Euros each year in Europe. Prediction of likely places of pest introduction could greatly help focus efforts on prevention and control and thus reduce societal costs of pest invasions. Here, we test whether generic data-driven risk maps of pest introduction, val…

Soteras, F., Camps, G. A., Costas, S. M., Giaquinta, A., Peralta, G., & Cocucci, A. A. (2022). Fragility of nocturnal interactions: Pollination intensity increases with distance to light pollution sources but decreases with increasing environmental suitability. Environmental Pollution, 292, 118350. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2021.118350 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2021.118350

Light pollution represents a widespread long-established human-made disturbance and an important threat to nocturnal pollination. Distance from the niche centroid where optimal environmental conditions join may be related to species sensitivity to habitat change. We estimated the environmental suita…

Franco, M. J., Brea, M., & Cerdeño, E. (2021). First Bignoniaceae liana from the Miocene of South America and its evolutionary significance. American Journal of Botany. doi:10.1002/ajb2.1736 https://doi.org/10.1002/ajb2.1736

Premise: Two Bignoniaceae stems with the distinctive anatomy of a liana are described from the Miocene of South America. They are the first fossil evidence of climbing habit in Bignoniaceae. Methods: The fossil lianas are siliceous permineralizations. Transverse, tangential, and radial thin section…

Ma, C.-S., Zhang, W., Peng, Y., Zhao, F., Chang, X.-Q., Xing, K., … Rudolf, V. H. W. (2021). Climate warming promotes pesticide resistance through expanding overwintering range of a global pest. Nature Communications, 12(1). doi:10.1038/s41467-021-25505-7 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-25505-7

Climate change has the potential to change the distribution of pests globally and their resistance to pesticides, thereby threatening global food security in the 21st century. However, predicting where these changes occur and how they will influence current pest control efforts is a challenge. Using…

Wang, C.-J., & Wan, J.-Z. (2021). Functional trait perspective on suitable habitat distribution of invasive plant species at a global scale. Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. doi:10.1016/j.pecon.2021.07.002 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pecon.2021.07.002

Plant invasion has been proved to threaten biodiversity conservation and ecosystem maintenance at a global scale. It is a challenge to project suitable habitat distributions of invasive plant species (IPS) for invasion risk assessment at large spatial scales. Interaction outcomes between native and …

Chauhan, H. K., Oli, S., Bisht, A. K., Meredith, C., & Leaman, D. (2021). Review of the biology, uses and conservation of the critically endangered endemic Himalayan species Nardostachys jatamansi (Caprifoliaceae). Biodiversity and Conservation. doi:10.1007/s10531-021-02269-6 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-021-02269-6

The commercial demand for Nardostachys jatamansi in the global market has raised concern about its long-term sustainability. The genus Nardostachys is represented by the single species (Nardostachys jatamansi) endemic to the Himalayas. This study reviews biology, uses, threats, knowledge gaps, and c…

Majure, L. C., Blankenship, A., Grinage, A., & Noa-Monzón, A. (2021). Castela (Simaroubaceae), an impressive New World radiation of thorny shrubs destined for edaphically dry habitats. Brazilian Journal of Botany. doi:10.1007/s40415-021-00742-8 https://doi.org/10.1007/s40415-021-00742-8

Castela Turpin is composed of 16 known species and is found throughout edaphically dry zones across the American continents from the Sonoran Desert to the southern South American Chaco biogeographic region and Caribbean seasonally dry tropical forests (SDTF). Castela is most diverse in the SDTF of t…