Wissenschaft ermöglicht durch Exemplardaten

Bontrager, M., Usui, T., Lee‐Yaw, J. A., Anstett, D. N., Branch, H. A., Hargreaves, A. L., … Angert, A. L. (2021). Adaptation across geographic ranges is consistent with strong selection in marginal climates and legacies of range expansion. Evolution. doi:10.1111/evo.14231 https://doi.org/10.1111/evo.14231

Every species experiences limits to its geographic distribution. Some evolutionary models predict that populations at range edges are less well‐adapted to their local environments due to drift, expansion load, or swamping gene flow from the range interior. Alternatively, populations near range edges…

Zhang, Y., Chen, J., & Sun, H. (2021). Alpine speciation and morphological innovations: revelations from a species-rich genus in the Northern Hemisphere. AoB PLANTS. doi:10.1093/aobpla/plab018 https://doi.org/10.1093/aobpla/plab018

Background and Aims A large number of studies have attempted to determine the mechanisms driving plant diversity and distribution on a global scale, but the diverse and endemic alpine herbs found in harsh environments, showing adaptive evolution, require more studies. Methods Here, we selected 466 s…

Martin, D., Aguado, M. T., Fernández Álamo, M.-A., Britayev, T. A., Böggemann, M., Capa, M., … Teixeira, M. A. L. (2021). On the Diversity of Phyllodocida (Annelida: Errantia), with a Focus on Glyceridae, Goniadidae, Nephtyidae, Polynoidae, Sphaerodoridae, Syllidae, and the Holoplanktonic Families. Diversity, 13(3), 131. doi:10.3390/d13030131 https://doi.org/10.3390/d13030131

Phyllodocida is a clade of errantiate annelids characterized by having ventral sensory palps, anterior enlarged cirri, axial muscular proboscis, compound chaetae (if present) with a single ligament, and of lacking dorsolateral folds. Members of most families date back to the Carboniferous, although …

Paź-Dyderska, S., Jagodziński, A. M., & Dyderski, M. K. (2021). Possible changes in spatial distribution of walnut (Juglans regia L.) in Europe under warming climate. Regional Environmental Change, 21(1). doi:10.1007/s10113-020-01745-z https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-020-01745-z

Juglans regia L. is a species of great importance for environmental management due to attractive wood and nutritious fruits, but also high invasive potential. Thus, uncertainties connected with its range shift are essential for environmental management. We aimed to predict the future climatic optimu…

Allstädt, F. J., Koutsodendris, A., Appel, E., Rösler, W., Reichgelt, T., Kaboth-Bahr, S., … Pross, J. (2021). Late Pliocene to early Pleistocene climate dynamics in western North America based on a new pollen record from paleo-Lake Idaho. Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments. doi:10.1007/s12549-020-00460-1 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12549-020-00460-1

Marked by the expansion of ice sheets in the high latitudes, the intensification of Northern Hemisphere glaciation across the Plio/Pleistocene transition at ~ 2.7 Ma represents a critical interval of late Neogene climate evolution. To date, the characteristics of climate change in North America duri…

Ebersbach, J., Tkach, N., Röser, M., & Favre, A. (2020). The Role of Hybridisation in the Making of the Species-Rich Arctic-Alpine Genus Saxifraga (Saxifragaceae). Diversity, 12(11), 440. doi:10.3390/d12110440 https://doi.org/10.3390/d12110440

Evolutionary processes fuelling rapid species diversification are not yet fully understood, although their major contribution to overall patterns of plant biodiversity is well established. Hybridisation is among the least understood of these processes, despite its multifaceted role in speciation pro…

Magri, D., Parra, I., Di Rita, F., Ni, J., Shichi, K., & Worth, J. R. P. (2020). Linking worldwide past and present conifer vulnerability. Quaternary Science Reviews, 250, 106640. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2020.106640 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2020.106640

Inventories of species recently extinct or threatened with extinction may be found in global databases. However, despite the large number of published fossil based-studies, specific databases on the vulnerability of species in the past are not available. We compiled a worldwide database of published…

Townhill, B., Pinnegar, J., Tinker, J., Jones, M., Simpson, S., Stebbing, P., & Dye, S. (2017). Non-native marine species in north-west Europe: Developing an approach to assess future spread using regional downscaled climate projections. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 27(5), 1035–1050. doi:10.1002/aqc.2764 https://doi.org/10.1002/aqc.2764

Climate change can affect the survival, colonization and establishment of non-native species. Many non-native species common in Europe are spreading northwards as seawater temperatures increase. The similarity of climatic conditions between source and recipient areas is assumed to influence the est…

Pelletier, T. A., Carstens, B. C., Tank, D. C., Sullivan, J., & Espíndola, A. (2018). Predicting plant conservation priorities on a global scale. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(51), 13027–13032. doi:10.1073/pnas.1804098115 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1804098115

The conservation status of most plant species is currently unknown, despite the fundamental role of plants in ecosystem health. To facilitate the costly process of conservation assessment, we developed a predictive protocol using a machine-learning approach to predict conservation status of over 150…

Oyinlola, M. A., Reygondeau, G., Wabnitz, C. C. C., Troell, M., & Cheung, W. W. L. (2018). Global estimation of areas with suitable environmental conditions for mariculture species. PLOS ONE, 13(1), e0191086. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0191086 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0191086

Aquaculture has grown rapidly over the last three decades expanding at an average annual growth rate of 5.8% (2005–2014), down from 8.8% achieved between 1980 and 2010. The sector now produces 44% of total food fish production. Increasing demand and consumption from a growing global population are d…