Wissenschaft ermöglicht durch Exemplardaten

Klisz, M., R. Puchałka, M. Netsvetov, Y. Prokopuk, M. Vítková, J. Sádlo, R. Matisons, et al. 2021. Variability in climate-growth reaction of Robinia pseudoacacia in Eastern Europe indicates potential for acclimatisation to future climate. Forest Ecology and Management 492: 119194. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2021.119194

As a consequence of native tree species decline and distribution range contraction in Europe, acclimation of the non-native tree species at the edge of their distribution is gaining importance. Although non-native tree species may provide sustainable ecosystem services, as a potentially invasive spe…

Bontrager, M., T. Usui, J. A. Lee‐Yaw, D. N. Anstett, H. A. Branch, A. L. Hargreaves, C. D. Muir, and A. L. Angert. 2021. Adaptation across geographic ranges is consistent with strong selection in marginal climates and legacies of range expansion. Evolution 75: 1316–1333. https://doi.org/10.1111/evo.14231

Every species experiences limits to its geographic distribution. Some evolutionary models predict that populations at range edges are less well‐adapted to their local environments due to drift, expansion load, or swamping gene flow from the range interior. Alternatively, populations near range edges…

Zhang, Y., J. Chen, and H. Sun. 2021. Alpine speciation and morphological innovations: revelations from a species-rich genus in the northern hemisphere N. Rajakaruna [ed.],. AoB PLANTS 13. https://doi.org/10.1093/aobpla/plab018

Background and Aims A large number of studies have attempted to determine the mechanisms driving plant diversity and distribution on a global scale, but the diverse and endemic alpine herbs found in harsh environments, showing adaptive evolution, require more studies. Methods Here, we selected 466 s…

Wieringa, J. G., B. C. Carstens, and H. L. Gibbs. 2021. Predicting migration routes for three species of migratory bats using species distribution models. PeerJ 9: e11177. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.11177

Understanding seasonal variation in the distribution and movement patterns of migratory species is essential to monitoring and conservation efforts. While there are many species of migratory bats in North America, little is known about their seasonal movements. In terms of conservation, this is impo…

Rock, B. M., and B. H. Daru. 2021. Impediments to Understanding Seagrasses’ Response to Global Change. Frontiers in Marine Science 8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2021.608867

Uncertainties from sampling biases present challenges to ecologists and evolutionary biologists in understanding species sensitivity to anthropogenic climate change. Here, we synthesize possible impediments that can constrain research to assess present and future seagrass response from climate chang…

DeLaMater, D. S., J. J. Couture, J. R. Puzey, and H. J. Dalgleish. 2021. Range‐wide variations in common milkweed traits and their effect on monarch larvae. American Journal of Botany 108: 388–401. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajb2.1630

Premise: Leaf economic spectrum (LES) theory has historically been employed to inform vegetation models of ecosystem processes, but largely neglects intraspecific variation and biotic interactions. We attempt to integrate across environment–plant trait–herbivore interactions within a species at a ra…

Saldaña‐López, A., M. Vilà, F. Lloret, J. Manuel Herrera, and P. González‐Moreno. 2021. Assembly of species’ climatic niches of coastal communities does not shift after invasion Z. Botta‐Dukát [ed.],. Journal of Vegetation Science 32. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvs.12989

Question: Do invasions by invasive plant species with contrasting trait profiles (Arctotheca calendula, Carpobrotus spp., Conyza bonariensis, and Opuntia dillenii) change the climatic niche of coastal plant communities? Location: Atlantic coastal habitats in Huelva (Spain). Methods: We identifi…

Follak, S., L. Bakacsy, F. Essl, L. Hochfellner, K. Lapin, M. Schwarz, B. Tokarska-Guzik, and D. Wołkowycki. 2021. Monograph of invasive plants in Europe N°6: Asclepias syriaca L. Botany Letters 168: 422–451. https://doi.org/10.1080/23818107.2021.1886984

This work synthesizes all aspects of Asclepias syriaca L. (Apocynaceae) including the taxonomy, distribution, history of introduction and spread, ecology, biology, uses and benefits, impacts on biodiversity and agriculture, legislation, and management. Asclepias syriaca is a perennial broad-leaved s…

Chauvel, B., G. Fried, S. Follak, D. Chapman, Y. Kulakova, T. Le Bourgeois, D. Marisavljevic, et al. 2021. Monographs on invasive plants in Europe N° 5: Ambrosia trifida L. Botany Letters 168: 167–190. https://doi.org/10.1080/23818107.2021.1879674

Ambrosia trifida L. (giant ragweed, Asteraceae) is native to the North American continent and was introduced into Europe and Asia at the end of the 19th century. In its native range, this tall annual species is common in riparian and ruderal habitats and is also a major weed in annual cropping syste…

Géron, C., J. J. Lembrechts, J. Borgelt, J. Lenoir, R. Hamdi, G. Mahy, I. Nijs, and A. Monty. 2021. Urban alien plants in temperate oceanic regions of Europe originate from warmer native ranges. Biological Invasions 23: 1765–1779. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-021-02469-9

When colonizing new areas, alien plant species success can depend strongly on local environmental conditions. Microclimatic barriers might be the reason why some alien plant species thrive in urban areas, while others prefer rural environments. We tested the hypothesis that the climate in the native…