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Baumbach, L., Warren, D. L., Yousefpour, R., & Hanewinkel, M. (2021). Climate change may induce connectivity loss and mountaintop extinction in Central American forests. Communications Biology, 4(1). doi:10.1038/s42003-021-02359-9 https://doi.org/10.1038/s42003-021-02359-9

The tropical forests of Central America serve a pivotal role as biodiversity hotspots and provide ecosystem services securing human livelihood. However, climate change is expected to affect the species composition of forest ecosystems, lead to forest type transitions and trigger irrecoverable losses…

Lopes, A., Demarchi, L. O., Franco, A. C., Ferreira, A. B., Ferreira, C. S., Wittmann, F., … Piedade, M. T. F. (2021). Predicting the potential distribution of aquatic herbaceous plants in oligotrophic Central Amazonian wetland ecosystems. Acta Botanica Brasilica. doi:10.1590/0102-33062020abb0188 https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-33062020abb0188

Aquatic herbaceous plants are especially suitable for mapping environmental variability in wetlands, as they respond quickly to environmental gradients and are good indicators of habitat preference. We describe the composition of herbaceous species in two oligotrophic wetland ecosystems, floodplains…

Salazar Zarzosa, P., Mendieta-Leiva, G., Navarro-Cerrillo, R. M., Cruz, G., Grados, N., & Villar, R. (2021). An ecological overview of Prosopis pallida, one of the most adapted dryland species to extreme climate events. Journal of Arid Environments, 193, 104576. doi:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2021.104576 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2021.104576

Prosopis pallida (algarrobo) is a highly adapted species to extremely dry and wet conditions. Its geographic distribution at both sides of the Pacific Ocean is associated with its plastic response to El Niño event, an extreme climate event that changes precipitation regimes. In this review, we summa…

Gomides, S. C., Machado, T. M., Evangelista‐Vale, J. C., Martins‐Oliveira, A. T., Pires‐Oliveira, J. C., Muller, A., … Eisenlohr, P. V. (2021). Assessing species reintroduction sites based on future climate suitability for food resources. Conservation Biology. doi:10.1111/cobi.13796 https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.13796

The reintroduction of a species that is extinct in the wild demands caution because reintroduction locations may be associated with threats, such as hunting, poor-quality habitat, and climate change. This is the case for Cyanopsitta spixii (Spix's Macaw), which has been extinct in the wild since 200…

Catarino, S., Brilhante, M., Essoh, A. P., Charrua, A. B., Rangel, J., Roxo, G., … Romeiras, M. M. (2021). Exploring physicochemical and cytogenomic diversity of African cowpea and common bean. Scientific Reports, 11(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-021-91929-2 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-91929-2

In sub-Saharan Africa, grain legumes (pulses) are essential food sources and play an important role in sustainable agriculture. Among the major pulse crops, the native cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) and introduced common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) stand out. This paper has two main goals. First, we provi…

Wilson, O. J., Mayle, F. E., Walters, R. J., Lingner, D. V., & Vibrans, A. C. (2021). Floristic change in Brazil’s Southern Atlantic forest biodiversity hotspot: From the last glacial maximum to the late 21st century. Quaternary Science Reviews, 264, 107005. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2021.107005 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2021.107005

Brazil's Atlantic Forest biome is one of the world's biodiversity hotspots, whose heterogeneous ecosystems are threatened by habitat loss and climate change. Palaeoecological research can provide essential context for the impacts of anthropogenic climate change in the 21st Century and beyond, but ex…

Urcádiz-Cázares, F. J., Cruz-Escalona, V. H., Peterson, M. S., Aguilar-Medrano, R., Marín-Enríquez, E., González-Peláez, S. S., … Ortega-Rubio, A. (2021). Linking Habitat and Associated Abiotic Conditions to Predict Fish Hotspots Distribution Areas within La Paz Bay: Evaluating Marine Conservation Areas. Diversity, 13(5), 212. doi:10.3390/d13050212 https://doi.org/10.3390/d13050212

Hotspots are priority marine or terrestrial areas with high biodiversity where delineation is essential for conservation, but equally important is their linkage to the environmental policies of the overall region. In this study, fish diversity presences were linked to abiotic conditions and differen…

Jin, W.-T., Gernandt, D. S., Wehenkel, C., Xia, X.-M., Wei, X.-X., & Wang, X.-Q. (2021). Phylogenomic and ecological analyses reveal the spatiotemporal evolution of global pines. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118(20), e2022302118. doi:10.1073/pnas.2022302118 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2022302118

How coniferous forests evolved in the Northern Hemisphere remains largely unknown. Unlike most groups of organisms that generally follow a latitudinal diversity gradient, most conifer species in the Northern Hemisphere are distributed in mountainous areas at middle latitudes. It is of great interest…

Scherrer, D., Esperon‐Rodriguez, M., Beaumont, L. J., Barradas, V. L., & Guisan, A. (2021). National assessments of species vulnerability to climate change strongly depend on selected data sources. Diversity and Distributions. doi:10.1111/ddi.13275 https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.13275

Aim: Correlative species distribution models (SDMs) are among the most frequently used tools for conservation planning under climate and land use changes. Conservation-focused climate change studies are often conducted on a national or local level and can use different sources of occurrence records …

Bontrager, M., Usui, T., Lee‐Yaw, J. A., Anstett, D. N., Branch, H. A., Hargreaves, A. L., … Angert, A. L. (2021). Adaptation across geographic ranges is consistent with strong selection in marginal climates and legacies of range expansion. Evolution. doi:10.1111/evo.14231 https://doi.org/10.1111/evo.14231

Every species experiences limits to its geographic distribution. Some evolutionary models predict that populations at range edges are less well‐adapted to their local environments due to drift, expansion load, or swamping gene flow from the range interior. Alternatively, populations near range edges…